Constantin Brancusi - 1876/1957
Constantin Brancusi - 1876/1957Romanian sculptor, painter and photographer who made his career in France. Considered a pioneer of modernism, one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern sculpture. As a child he displayed an aptitude for carving wooden farm tools. His art emphasizes clean geometrical lines that balance forms inherent in his materials with the symbolic allusions of representational art. Brancusi sought inspiration in non-European cultures as a source of primitive exoticism. Other influences emerge from Romanian art, Byzantine and Dionysian traditions.

Alberto Giacometti - 1901/1966
Alberto Giacometti - 1901/1966Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draughtsman and printmaker. He was born in the canton Graubünden's southerly alpine valley Val Bregaglia, as the eldest of four children to Giovanni Giacometti, a well-known post-Impressionist painter. Coming from an artistic background, he was interested in art from an early age.

Jean Arp - 1886/1966
Jean Arp - 1886/1966French abstract sculptor, collagist, engraver and poet. Born at Strasbourg. Studied at the Ecole des Arts et Métiers, Strasbourg, at the Weimar Academy and briefly in Paris at the Académie Julian in 1908. Spent the next years mainly in Switzerland, working in isolation. Made his first abstract works in 1910 or 1911. In 1912 met Sonia and Robert Delaunay in Paris, and Kandinsky. Developed from relief-sculpture to sculpture in the round in 1930-1 and from then on sought a concrete art: sculptures which identify themselves with natural forms, without description or imitation.

Auguste Rodin - 1840/1917
Auguste Rodin - 1840/1917François-Auguste-René Rodin, known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor. Although Rodin is generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture, he did not set out to rebel against the past. He was schooled traditionally, took a craftsman-like approach to his work, and desired academic recognition, although he was never accepted into Paris's foremost school of art.

Frank Lloyd Wright - 1867/1959
Frank Lloyd Wright - 1867/1959Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interior designer, writer, and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 532. Wright believed in designing structures that were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. This philosophy was best exemplified by Fallingwater (1935), which has been called "the best all-time work of American architecture". Wright was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture and developed the concept of the Usonian home.

Henry Spencer Moore - 1898/1986
Henry Spencer Moore - 1898/1986He was an English sculptor and artist. He was best known for his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art. His forms are usually abstractions of the human figure, typically depicting mother-and-child or reclining figures. Moore's works are usually suggestive of the female body. His forms are generally pierced or contain hollow spaces. Many interpreters liken the undulating form of his reclining figures to the landscape and hills of his birthplace, Yorkshire.

Antoni Gaudí - 1852/1926
Antoni Gaudí - 1852/1926Antoni Gaudí was a Spanish Catalan architect from Reus and the best known practitioner of Catalan Modernism. Gaudí's works reflect an individualized and distinctive style. Most are located in Barcelona, including his magnum opus, the Sagrada Família. Gaudí's work was influenced by his passions in life: architecture, nature, and religion. Gaudí considered every detail of his creations and integrated into his architecture such crafts as ceramics, stained glass, wrought ironwork forging and carpentry.

Mark Rothko - 1903/1970
Mark Rothko - 1903/1970Mark Rothko was born Marcus Rothkowitz in Dvinsk, Russia (now Daugavpils, Latvia), on September 25, 1903, and immigrated to the United States with his family in his youth. In the mid-20th century, he belonged to a circle of New York-based artists (also including Willem de Kooning and Jackson Pollock) who became known as the Abstract Expressionists. His signature works, large-scale paintings of luminous colored rectangles, used simplified means to evoke emotional responses. Rothko committed suicide on February 25, 1970.

Marcel Duchamp - 1887/1968
Marcel Duchamp - 1887/1968

He was a French, naturalized American painter, sculptor and writer whose work is associated with Dadaism and conceptual art,  Duchamp is commonly regarded as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the twentieth century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. Duchamp has had an immense impact on twentieth-century and twenty first-century art. Duchamp wanted to put art back in the service of the mind.